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在磁场作用下水的特性的变化和它的变化机理

Changes of features of water under action of magnetic-field and its mechanism of change

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摘要

我们研究了在磁场作用下水的光学性质和电学性质等的变化,实验发现它们的这些特性和未受磁场作用的水有重大改变特别是在红外光谱和拉曼光谱中的变化更加明显,这种现象就称为水的磁化.我们从水的中红外光谱得知在3000~3800 cm-1的范围内有奇特的六个峰值存在,从水分子结构和红外光谱的特性出发了解到它们分别代表了自由水分子的OH键的对称与反对称的振动,众多水分子通过氢键连接而成的线性链和环形链的OH键的对称与反对称振动,于是从这个实验我们看到了在这个水中存在有众多水分子结合成的环形氢键链的存在.我们用水分子的极化特性,一阶相变的特性和实验进一步证实了这些环形链的客观存在,根据质子或氢离子在氢键系统中传递理论得知在磁场的罗仑兹力作用下处于水中环形氢键链中质子能够进行传导产生环形电流.这些环形电流象一个分子电流或是个小磁体,它们能彼此相互作用或与外加磁场相互作用,从而改变了水分子的分布和结构状态,导致了水的一些特性的变化,这就是水的磁化的分子机理,我们用这个机理解释了我们从实验中所发现的磁处理过的水的特性如饱和效应和记忆效应等,因此这是非常有趣的实验和现象.

Abstract

We study first the properties of magnetized water by infrared absorption and Raman spectra and other ways. The results obtained show that the magnetized water has a saturation and memory effects, the electromagnetic and optic parameters of magnetized water, including the dielectric constant, and refractive index are increased, the magnetized effect is decreased with increasing of temperature of water, but its molecular structure and the hydrogen bonded chains among these molecules have not been changed after magnetization. These properties relate to special structures of water molecules. From the studies of properties of polarization of water molecules and first order phase transition as well as the infrared absorption and Raman spectra of water we know that there are a great number of closed hydrogen-bonded chains in water. From the theory of proton conductivity in the hydrogen-bonded chains in ice, which are verified by the experiments of electric conductivity of ice and its temperature-dependence, we convince that the magnetization of water is caused by proton transfer in the closed hydrogen-bonded chains. These ring electric-current loops resemble to "the molecular electric-currents" or "small magnets" in the solids, can interact with other each and to an externally applied magnetic-field. Then the water molecules in the closed chains can be orderly arrayed due to these magnetic interactions, thus water is magnetized. In such a case the properties of water are changed, which are demonstrated in a lot of experiments, but the effect of magnetization of water is small.

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中图分类号:O441.6

所属栏目:研究论文

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(19974034)

收稿日期:2006-10-12

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作者单位    点击查看

庞小峰:电子科技大学生命科学与技术学院,成都,610054
邓波:中国科学院国际材料物理中心,沈阳,110015

备注:庞小峰(1945-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事生物物理学、非线性科学和纳米生物材料与技术的研究.E-mail:pangxf@mail.sc.eninfo.net

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引用该论文

庞小峰,邓波. Changes of features of water under action of magnetic-field and its mechanism of change[J]. Journal of Atomic and Molecular Physics, 2007, 24(2): 281-290

庞小峰,邓波. 在磁场作用下水的特性的变化和它的变化机理[J]. 原子与分子物理学报, 2007, 24(2): 281-290

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