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基于专家 PID控制的微波加热功率主动控制方法

Active control on microwave heating power based on expert-PID control

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摘要

针对现有微波功率控制方法存在的过渡时间长,稳定性差等问题,提出微波源功率专家比例积分微分 (PID)主动控制法,在防止出现“热失控”的前提下,根据物料的介电特性、反射功率等先验知识,建立专家控制规则库,将控制规则预存于控制器,解决微波加热过程实时控制难,控制精确度差等问题。仿真实验结果证明,专家 PID控制比经典 PID控制达到稳态的用时节约 70%,效率提高 89%,精确度提高 87%。

Abstract

It is difficult to describe the microwave heating procedure with accurate mathematical modeling since it is nonlinear and time-delayed. The existing microwave power control methods generally adjust and control parameters according to the results identified by the system. Because those methods feature a long transition time and low stability, a method of expert-Proportion Integration Differentiation (PID) active control on the source power of microwave is proposed. When 'thermal runaway' is prevented, the database of experts’ control rules is set up in line with such prior knowledge as dielectric properties and reflected power of materials. The control rules are in advance stored in the controller, so the problems of hard real-time control and low accuracy of control in the microwave heating procedure can be solved. Compared with the classical PID control, the simulation findings show that the expert-PID control saves about 70% of time taken to reach the state of being stable, improves the efficiency by 89% and increases the accuracy by 87%.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:TN015

DOI:10.11805/tkyda201502.0255

所属栏目:电磁场与微波

基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划资助项目 (2013CB328903)

收稿日期:2014-08-04

修改稿日期:2014-09-17

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作者单位    点击查看

李荣昆:四川大学电子信息学院,四川成都 610065
周新志:四川大学电子信息学院,四川成都 610065
雷印杰:四川大学电子信息学院,四川成都 610065

联系人作者:李荣昆(rongkunlee@163.com)

备注:李荣昆(1983-),男,四川省资阳市人,在读硕士研究生,主要研究方向为智能控制技术。

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引用该论文

LI Rongkun,ZHOU Xinzhi,LEI Yinjie. Active control on microwave heating power based on expert-PID control[J]. Thz, 2015, 13(2): 255-261

李荣昆,周新志,雷印杰. 基于专家 PID控制的微波加热功率主动控制方法[J]. 太赫兹科学与电子信息学报, 2015, 13(2): 255-261

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