首页 > 论文 > 激光与光电子学进展 > 54卷 > 7期(pp:71203--1)

激光标刻铝锭二维码图像灰度与加工参数计算模型

Mathematical Model of Processing Parameters and Barcode Image Gray Value Marked by Lasers on Aluminium Ingot Surface

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

摘要

激光器在金属表面标刻的控制参数多,参数对图像质量影响大。采用脉冲光纤激光在铝锭(牌号Al99.70)表面标刻二维码图像,建立了工艺参数与图像灰度值之间的优化计算模型;分析了激光加工相关参数的交互作用,对工艺参数进行了简化整合;对简化后的参数进行单因素实验,分析了标刻图像灰度值分布及变化规律并得到合理参数范围;基于单因素实验结论,建立了工艺参数与灰度值之间的多元非线性回归数学模型,利用多因素正交实验数据和免疫克隆算法对模型参数进行了拟合。实验结果证明了模型的有效性,为铝锭表面实现激光二维码标刻技术提供了理论基础。

Abstract

There are numerous control parameters of metal surface marking by laser which providing great influence on image quality. Pulse fiber laser is used to mark the two-dimensional code on Al99.70 aluminum ingot surface. The optimal mathematical model is established between processing parameters and gray value. The interaction between related processing parameters is analyzed, the process parameters are simplified and integrated. The single factor experiment is carried out with the simplified parameters, and the reasonable parameter range is obtained through the analysis of both distribution and change law of gray value of marked image. Finally, based on the results of single factor experiment, a multivariate nonlinear regression mathematical model between process parameters and gray value is put forward, and then the multi-factor orthogonal experiment data and immune clone algorithm are utilized for the fitting of model parameters. The effectiveness of mathematical model is demonstrated by verification experiment which provides the theoretical basis for the realization of laser two-dimensional code marking on aluminum ingot surface.

投稿润色
补充资料

中图分类号:TN249

DOI:10.3788/lop54.071203

所属栏目:仪器,测量与计量

基金项目:兰州市科技支撑计划(2015-3-73)、甘肃省青年科技基金(1506RJYA103)、甘肃省先进控制重点实验室开放课题(XJK201521)

收稿日期:2016-12-20

修改稿日期:2017-02-19

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

李建华:兰州理工大学机电工程学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
张郁天:兰州理工大学机电工程学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
伊 煊:兰州理工大学机电工程学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
闫朝宁:兰州理工大学机电工程学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
张龙龙:兰州理工大学机电工程学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050

联系人作者:李建华(li_jh@vip.sina.com)

备注:李建华(1975—),男,博士,硕士生导师,主要从事工业标识、制造业信息化等方面的研究。

【1】Chitu L, Cernat R, Bucatica I, et al. Improved technologies for marking of different materials[J]. Laser Physics, 2003, 13(8): 1108-1111.

【2】Qi J, Wang K L, Zhu Y M. A study on the laser marking process of stainless steel[J].Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2003, 139(1-3): 273-276.

【3】Rusu S, Buzaianu A, Ionel L, et al. Titanium alloy nanosecond vs. femtosecond laser marking[J]. Bulletin of Materials Science, 2013, 36(6): 1037-1042.

【4】Qiu H D, Bao W S, Lu C H. Investigation of laser parameters influence of direct-part marking data matrix symbols on aluminum alloy[J]. Advanced Materials Research, 2011, 141: 328-333.

【5】Leone C, Lopresto V, Iorio I D. Wood engraving by Q-switched diode-pumped frequency-doubled Nd∶YAG green laser[J]. Optics & Lasers in Engineering, 2009, 47(1): 161-168.

【6】Dumont T, Lippert T, Wokaun A, et al. Laser writing of 2D data matrices in glass[J]. Thin Solid Films, 2004, 453: 42-45.

【7】Noor Y M, Tam S C, Lim L E N, et al. A review of the Nd∶YAG laser marking of plastic and ceramic IC packages[J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 1994, 42(1): 95-133.

【8】Tao H, Diao L, Diao L, et al. Extending femtosecond laser fabrication of micro- and nanoscale structures from a planar to non-planar metal surface[C]. International Conference on Manipulation, Manufacturing and Measurement on the Nanoscale, 2012: 1-4.

【9】Leone C, Genna S, Caprino G, et al. AISI 304 stainless steel marking by a Q-switched diode pumped Nd∶YAG laser[J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2010, 210(10): 1297-1303.

【10】Jangsombatsiri W, Porter J D. Laser direct-part marking of data matrix symbols on carbon steel substrates[J]. Journal of Manufacturing Science & Engineering, 2007, 129(3): 583-591.

【11】Lazov L, Atanasov A, Angelov N. Investigation of the role of certain factors affecting the contrast in laser marking[J]. Contemporary Materials, 2011, 2(1): 13-17.

【12】Liu Zhongmin, Zhang Qingmao, Guo Liang, et al. Influence of laser process parameters on color obtained by marking[J]. Chinese J Lasers, 2014, 41(4): 0403011.
刘忠民, 张庆茂, 郭 亮, 等. 激光工艺参数对打标彩色效果的影响[J]. 中国激光, 2014, 41(4): 0403011.

【13】Li Xiashuang, He Weiping, Lei Lei, et al. Process and optimal parameter domain of laser marking two-dimension code[J]. Chinese J Lasers, 2014, 41(7): 0703006.
李夏霜, 何卫平, 雷 蕾, 等. 激光标刻二维码工艺及最优参数域研究[J]. 中国激光, 2014, 41(7): 0703006.

【14】Ye Qing. Fibre laser[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2002, 39(6): 40-41.
叶 青. 光纤激光器[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2002, 39(6): 40-41.

【15】Cao Ronghua, Qiu Huadong, Li Jianmei, et al. Quality assessment and technical parameter optimization of laser direct part marking [J]. Applied Laser, 2011, 31(2): 151-156.
曹荣华, 邱化冬, 李建美, 等. 激光直接标记的质量评定及工艺参数优化[J]. 应用激光, 2011, 31(2): 151-156.

【16】Jekabsons G, Lavendels J, Sitikovs V. Model evaluation and selection in multiple nonlinear regression analysis[J]. Mathematical Modelling & Analysis, 2010, 12(1): 81-90.

【17】Li J, Wei X. Analytical methods on computational capabilities of multi-parameter natural algorithm[C]. Seventh International Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Design, 2014: 285-287.

引用该论文

Li Jianhua,Zhang Yutian,Yi Xuan,Yan Chaoning,Zhang Longlong. Mathematical Model of Processing Parameters and Barcode Image Gray Value Marked by Lasers on Aluminium Ingot Surface[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2017, 54(7): 071203

李建华,张郁天,伊 煊,闫朝宁,张龙龙. 激光标刻铝锭二维码图像灰度与加工参数计算模型[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2017, 54(7): 071203

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF