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(4,4)的量子秘密共享协议及其模型化检测

(4,4) Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol and Its Modeling Checking

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摘要

根据GHZ(Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger)态的纠缠特性,设计了一种基于五粒子GHZ态的量子秘密共享协议。协议中由发起者制备五粒子GHZ态的量子序列, 秘密共享方总人数为4, 只有当4个人都参与解密时才能解出秘密信息。分析了协议的正确性和安全性, 结果表明协议能抵抗截获重发攻击、中间人攻击和纠缠攻击。当诱惑粒子存在时, 使用模型化工具Prism得到了窃听者在不同噪声环境下被发现的概率。

Abstract

According to the entanglement features of GHZ (Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger) states, a quantum secret sharing protocol based on the five-particle GHZ state is designed. In the protocol, the quantum sequence of the five-particle GHZ state is prepared by the initiator, and the total number of the secret sharing parties is 4. Only when all the four people are involved in decryption can the secret information be solved. The correctness and security of the protocol are analyzed, and the results show that the protocol can be used to resist the interception retransmission attack, the man-in-the-middle attack and the entanglement attack. When the temptation particles exist, the probabilities of being found for the eavesdroppers under different noise environments are obtained by using the modeling tool Prism.

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中图分类号:TN918.1

DOI:10.3788/lop54.122704

所属栏目:量子光学

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61572086, 61402058)

收稿日期:2017-06-16

修改稿日期:2017-07-21

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作者单位    点击查看

江英华:成都信息工程大学网络空间安全学院, 四川 成都 610225
张仕斌:成都信息工程大学网络空间安全学院, 四川 成都 610225
杨帆:成都信息工程大学网络空间安全学院, 四川 成都 610225
昌燕:成都信息工程大学网络空间安全学院, 四川 成都 610225
张航:成都信息工程大学网络空间安全学院, 四川 成都 610225

联系人作者:张仕斌(cuitzsb@cuit.edu.cn)

备注:江英华(1989—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事量子通信方面的研究。E-mail: 250364629@qq.com

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引用该论文

Jiang Yinghua,Zhang Shibin,Yang Fan,Chang Yan,Zhang Hang. (4,4) Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol and Its Modeling Checking[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2017, 54(12): 122704

江英华,张仕斌,杨帆,昌燕,张航. (4,4)的量子秘密共享协议及其模型化检测[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2017, 54(12): 122704

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