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激光表面处理技术在石油机械中的应用

Applications of Laser Surface Treatment Technologies in Petroleum Machinery

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摘要

石油开采的过程中常伴随有腐蚀气体、金属颗粒以及矿物质等的产生,使石油机械设备腐蚀、磨损严重。激光表面处理技术可以改善材料的耐磨、耐蚀、耐疲劳等性能。总结激光表面处理技术在石油机械中的应用,详细介绍了激光淬火、激光熔覆及激光合金化,并概括了其他激光表面处理技术及其应用,分析了激光表面处理技术在石油机械中的应用现状及存在的问题,并展望了发展前景。

Abstract

The process of petroleum extraction is often accompanied by the production of corrosive gases, metal particles and minerals, resulting in the serious corrosion and wear of petroleum machinery and equipment. Laser surface treatment technology can improve the material properties, such as wear resistance, corrosion resistance and fatigue resistance of parts and workpieces. The applications of laser surface treatment technologies in the petroleum machinery are summarized. The laser quenching, laser cladding and laser alloying are introduced in detail. The other laser surface treatment technologies and their applications are also summarized. The application status and exiting problems of laser surface treatment technologies in the petroleum machinery are analyzed and their development prospects are also put forward.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:TG178;TN249

DOI:10.3788/lop56.060005

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61675194)、北京市自然科学基金(4162061)、中国石油国际科技合作科学研究与技术开发项目(2015B-1706-01)

收稿日期:2018-08-22

修改稿日期:2018-09-27

网络出版日期:2018-10-10

作者单位    点击查看

黄俊媛:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
沈泽俊:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
张立新:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
魏松波:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
杨盈莹:中国科学院半导体研究所, 北京 100083
朱世佳:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
钱杰:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083
陈琳:中国石油勘探开发研究院采油采气装备研究所, 北京 100083

联系人作者:沈泽俊(zjshen@petrochina.com.cn)

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引用该论文

Huang Junyuan,Shen Zejun,Zhang Lixin,Wei Songbo,Yang Yingying,Zhu Shijia,Qian Jie,Chen Lin. Applications of Laser Surface Treatment Technologies in Petroleum Machinery[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2019, 56(6): 060005

黄俊媛,沈泽俊,张立新,魏松波,杨盈莹,朱世佳,钱杰,陈琳. 激光表面处理技术在石油机械中的应用[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2019, 56(6): 060005

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