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离焦量对纯钛薄板对接焊缝性能的影响

Effect of defocuson performance of butt joints of pure titanium sheet

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摘要

为了研究纯钛薄板激光对焊接头性能,采用光纤激光器及其配备的机器人组成的焊接系统对其进行了焊接试验,通过测试接头拉伸性能、扩孔率及杯突值,综合评价离焦量对接头性能的影响,并揭示了接头显微组织构成。结果表明,接头拉伸及成形性能均低于母材,离焦量对拉伸性能无直接影响,在一定范围内,接头成形性能随离焦量升高呈现上升趋势,当离焦量为+20mm时,接头拉伸性能及成形性能最佳;焊缝区显微组织为粗大α晶粒+锯齿状α晶粒+少量针状α晶粒,针状α晶粒的存在有利于提高接头的成形性能,热影响区显微组织构成为不规则的粗大α晶粒+锯齿状α晶粒,热影响区晶粒尺寸低于焊缝区晶粒尺寸。该研究对纯钛激光焊接具有一定的理论指导意义。

Abstract

In order to study the properties of laser butt welding joint of pure titanium sheet, a welding system consisting of fiber laser and robot was used to carry out the welding test. Effect of defocus on the properties of the joint was evaluated comprehensively by testing the tensile properties, porosity and cupping value of the joint. The microstructure of the joint was revealed. The results show that the tensile and forming properties of the joints are lower than those of the base metal. The defocus has no direct effect on the tensile properties. To a certain extent, the formability of the joint increases with the increase of defocus. When the defocus is +20mm, the joint has the best tensile and forming properties. The microstructures in the weld zone are coarse α grains + serrated α grains + a small amount of acicular α grains. The existence of acicular α grains is beneficial to improve the formability of the joints. The microstructure of heat affecting zone (HAZ) is composed of irregular coarse α grains + serrated α grains. The grain size of HAZ is lower than that of weld zone. This research has certain theoretical guiding significance for laser welding of pure titanium.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
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中图分类号:TG456.7

DOI:10-7510/jgjs-issn-1001-3806-2019-03-020

所属栏目:激光与光电子技术应用

收稿日期:2018-07-06

修改稿日期:2018-07-20

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周磊磊:攀钢集团攀枝花钢铁研究院有限公司 钒钛资源综合利用国家重点实验室,攀枝花 617000

联系人作者:周磊磊(zllzhoulei@126.com)

备注:周磊磊(1989-),男,硕士,工程师,主要研究方向为金属材料及其焊接。

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引用该论文

ZHOU Leilei. Effect of defocuson performance of butt joints of pure titanium sheet[J]. Laser Technology, 2019, 43(3): 397-400

周磊磊. 离焦量对纯钛薄板对接焊缝性能的影响[J]. 激光技术, 2019, 43(3): 397-400

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