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Distributed curvature sensing based on a bending loss-resistant ring-core fiber

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Abstract

A theoretical and experimental study on curvature sensing using a Brillouin optical time-domain analyzer based on the ring-core fiber (RCF) is reported. The Brillouin gain spectrum of the RCF is investigated, and the Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) dependence on temperature and strain is calibrated. We theoretically analyze the fiber bending-induced BFS and peak Brillouin gain variation for the RCF through a numerical simulation method, and the RCF is revealed to have a high curvature sensitivity. Distributed curvature sensing is successfully demonstrated, with the bending radius ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 cm, corresponding to a BFS variation from 32.90 to 7.81 MHz. The RCF takes advantage of great bending loss resistance, and the maximum macrobending loss at the extreme bending radius of 0.5 cm is less than 0.01 dB/turn. Besides, the peak Brillouin gain of the RCF is discovered to vary significantly in response to fiber bending, which is expected to be another parameter for distributed curvature determination. The results imply that the RCF is a promising candidate for highly sensitive distributed curvature measurement, especially in sharp bending circumstances.

广告组1.2 - 空间光调制器+DMD
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DOI:10.1364/PRJ.379178

所属栏目:Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

基金项目:National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)10.13039/501100012166; National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Innovation Fund of WNLO;

收稿日期:2019-10-02

录用日期:2019-11-28

网络出版日期:2019-12-04

作者单位    点击查看

Li Shen:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) & National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access System, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Hao Wu:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) & National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access System, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Can Zhao:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) & National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access System, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Lei Shen:State Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber and Cable Manufacture Technology, Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC) R&D Center, Wuhan 430073, China
Rui Zhang:State Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber and Cable Manufacture Technology, Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC) R&D Center, Wuhan 430073, China
Weijun Tong:State Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber and Cable Manufacture Technology, Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC) R&D Center, Wuhan 430073, China
Songnian Fu:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) & National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access System, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Ming Tang:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) & National Engineering Laboratory for Next Generation Internet Access System, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

联系人作者:Can Zhao(zhao_can@hust.edu.cn)

备注:National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)10.13039/501100012166; National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Innovation Fund of WNLO;

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引用该论文

Li Shen, Hao Wu, Can Zhao, Lei Shen, Rui Zhang, Weijun Tong, Songnian Fu, and Ming Tang, "Distributed curvature sensing based on a bending loss-resistant ring-core fiber," Photonics Research 8(2), 165-174 (2020)

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