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Review of supershort avalanche electron beam during nanosecond-pulse discharges in some gases

Review of supershort avalanche electron beam during nanosecond-pulse discharges in some gases

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摘要

Supershort avalanche electron beam (SAEB) plays an important role in nanosecond-pulse discharges. this paper aims at reviewing experiments results on characteritics of SAEB and its spectra in different gases in nanosecond-pulse discharges. All the joint experiments were carried in the Institute of High Current Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Electrical Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In these experiments, the generation of a SAEB in SF6 in an inhomogeneous electric field was studied on three generators with pulse rise times of 0.3, 0.5 and ~2 ns. Firstly, the comparison of SAEB parameters in SF6 with those obtained in other gases (air, nitrogen, argon, and krypton) is introduced. Secondly, the SAEB spectra in SF6 and air at pressures of 10 kPa (75 torr), and 0.1 MPa (750 torr) are reviewed and discussed. Finally, 1.5-D theoretical simulation of the supershort pulse of the fast electron beam in a coaxial diode filled with SF6 at atmospheric pressure is described. the simulation was carried out in the framework of hybrid model for discharge and runaway electron kinetics. the above research progress can provide better understanding of the investigation into the mechanism of nanosecond-pulse discharges.

Abstract

Supershort avalanche electron beam (SAEB) plays an important role in nanosecond-pulse discharges. this paper aims at reviewing experiments results on characteritics of SAEB and its spectra in different gases in nanosecond-pulse discharges. All the joint experiments were carried in the Institute of High Current Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Electrical Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In these experiments, the generation of a SAEB in SF6 in an inhomogeneous electric field was studied on three generators with pulse rise times of 0.3, 0.5 and ~2 ns. Firstly, the comparison of SAEB parameters in SF6 with those obtained in other gases (air, nitrogen, argon, and krypton) is introduced. Secondly, the SAEB spectra in SF6 and air at pressures of 10 kPa (75 torr), and 0.1 MPa (750 torr) are reviewed and discussed. Finally, 1.5-D theoretical simulation of the supershort pulse of the fast electron beam in a coaxial diode filled with SF6 at atmospheric pressure is described. the simulation was carried out in the framework of hybrid model for discharge and runaway electron kinetics. the above research progress can provide better understanding of the investigation into the mechanism of nanosecond-pulse discharges.

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DOI:10.1016/j.mre.2016.10.004

所属栏目:Review Articles

基金项目:the work on the experimental setup #1 and #2 was supported by grants RFBR #15-58-53031_ГФЕН_а. the work on the experimental setup #3 was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Contract #51511130040.

收稿日期:2016-05-17

修改稿日期:2016-07-12

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Victor F. Tarasenko:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, RussiaNational Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, RussiaNational Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Cheng Zhang:Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Evgenii Kh. Baksht:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, Russia
Alexander G. Burachenko:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, Russia
Tao Shao:Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Dmitry V. Beloplotov:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, RussiaNational Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Mikhail I. Lomaev:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, RussiaNational Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Ping Yan:Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Andrey V. Kozyrev:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, RussiaNational Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, Russia
Natalia S. Semeniuk:Laboratory of Optical Radiation of the Institute of High Current Electronics, Tomsk 634055, RussiaNational Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050, Russia

联系人作者:Victor F. Tarasenko(VFT@loi.hcei.tsc.ru)

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引用该论文

Victor F. Tarasenko,Cheng Zhang,Evgenii Kh. Baksht,Alexander G. Burachenko,Tao Shao,Dmitry V. Beloplotov,Mikhail I. Lomaev,Ping Yan,Andrey V. Kozyrev. Review of supershort avalanche electron beam during nanosecond-pulse discharges in some gases[J]. Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 2017, 2(3): 105-116

Victor F. Tarasenko,Cheng Zhang,Evgenii Kh. Baksht,Alexander G. Burachenko,Tao Shao,Dmitry V. Beloplotov,Mikhail I. Lomaev,Ping Yan,Andrey V. Kozyrev,Natalia S. Semeniuk. Review of supershort avalanche electron beam during nanosecond-pulse discharges in some gases[J]. Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 2017, 2(3): 105-116

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