首页 > 论文 > Frontiers of Optoelectronics > 10卷 > 4期(pp:402-408)

Indium tin oxide-free inverted polymer solar cells with ultrathin metal transparent electrodes

  • 摘要
  • 论文信息
  • 参考文献
  • 被引情况
  • PDF全文
分享:

Abstract

Efficient indium tin oxide (ITO)-free inverted polymer solar cells (PSCs) were fabricated by applying ultrathin metal transparent electrodes as sunlight incident electrodes. Smooth and continuous Ag film of 4 nm thickness was developed through the introduction of a 2 nm Au seed layer. Ultrathin Ag transparent electrode with an average transmittance of up to 80% from 480 to 680 nm and a sheet resistance of 35.4 W/sq was obtained through the introduction of a ZnO anti-reflective layer. The ultrathin metal electrode could be directly used as cathode in polymer solar cells without oxygen plasma treatment. ITO-free inverted PSCs obtained a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.2% by utilizing the ultrathin metal transparent electrodes. These results demonstrated a simple method of fabricating ITO-free inverted PSCs.

投稿润色
补充资料

DOI:doi 10.1007/s12200-017-0713-9

所属栏目:RESEARCH ARTICLE

收稿日期:2017-03-16

修改稿日期:2017-05-27

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

Tao YUAN:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Zhonghuan CAO:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Guoli TU:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

联系人作者:Guoli TU(tgl@hust.edu.cn)

备注:Tao Yuan gained his B.S. degree in the School of Physics and Materials Engineering of Dalian Nationalities University, China, in 2011. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate in optical engineering from Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. His current research interests include polymer solar cells and transparent conducting electrode.

【1】Li G, Zhu R, Yang Y. Polymer solar cells. Nature Photonics, 2012, 6 (3): 153-161

【2】Yu G, Gao J, Hummelen J C, Wudl F, Heeger A J. Polymer photovoltaic cells: enhanced efficiencies via a network of internal donor-acceptor heterojunctions. Science, 1995, 270(5243): 1789- 1791

【3】Mazzio K A, Luscombe C K. The future of organic photovoltaics. Chemical Society Reviews, 2015, 44(1): 78-90

【4】Liu Y, Zhao J, Li Z, Mu C, Ma W, Hu H, Jiang K, Lin H, Ade H, Yan H. Aggregation and morphology control enables multiple cases of high-efficiency polymer solar cells. Nature Communications, 2014, 5: 5293

【5】Liang Y, Xu Z, Xia J, Tsai S T, Wu Y, Li G, Ray C, Yu L. For the bright future-bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells with power conversion efficiency of 7.4%. Advanced Materials, 2010, 22(20): E135-E138

【6】Zhao W, Qian D, Zhang S, Li S, Ingan?s O, Gao F, Hou J. Fullerenefree polymer solar cells with over 11% efficiency and excellent thermal stability. Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(23): 4734-4739

【7】Lu L, Kelly M A, You W, Yu L. Status and prospects for ternary organic photovoltaics. Nature Photonics, 2015, 9(8): 491-500

【8】Ouyang X H, Peng R X, Ai L, Zhang X Y, Ge Z Y. Efficient polymer solar cells employing a non-conjugated small-molecule electrolyte. Nature Photonics, 2015, 9(8): 520-524

【9】uang L, Chen L, Huang P, Wu F, Tan L, Xiao S, Zhong W, Sun L, Chen Y. Triple dipole effect from self-assembled small-molecules for high performance organic photovoltaics. Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(24): 4852-4860

【10】Zhang Z G, Qi B, Jin Z, Chi D, Qi Z, Li Y, Wang J. Perylene diimides: a thickness-insensitive cathode interlayer for high performance polymer solar cells. Energy & Environmental Science, 2014, 7(6): 1966-1973

【11】He Z, Zhong C, Su S, Xu M, Wu H, Cao Y. Enhanced powerconversion efficiency in polymer solar cells using an inverted device structure. Nature Photonics, 2012, 6(9): 593-597

【12】Li S, Ye L, Zhao W, Zhang S, Mukherjee S, Ade H, Hou J. Energylevel modulation of small-molecule electron acceptors to achieve over 12% efficiency in polymer solar cells. Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(42): 9423-9429

【13】Sergeant N P, Hadipour A, Niesen B, Cheyns D, Heremans P, Peumans P, Rand B P. Design of transparent anodes for resonant cavity enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells. Advanced Materials, 2012, 24(6): 728-732

【14】Kumar A, Zhou C. The race to replace tin-doped indium oxide: which material will win? ACS Nano, 2010, 4(1): 11-14

【15】Kim N, Kee S, Lee S H, Lee B H, Kahng Y H, Jo Y R, Kim B J, Lee K. Highly conductive PEDOT:PSS nanofibrils induced by solutionprocessed crystallization. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(14): 2268- 2272

【16】Wu Z, Chen Z, Du X, Logan J M, Sippel J, Nikolou M, Kamaras K, Reynolds J R, Tanner D B, Hebard A F, Rinzler A G. Transparent, conductive carbon nanotube films. Science, 2004, 305(5688): 1273- 1276

【17】Kim K S, Zhao Y, Jang H, Lee S Y, Kim J M, Kim K S, Ahn J H, Kim P, Choi J Y, Hong B H. Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes. Nature, 2009, 457 (7230): 706-710

【18】Wu H, Kong D, Ruan Z, Hsu P C, Wang S, Yu Z, Carney T J, Hu L, Fan S, Cui Y. A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network. Nature Nanotechnology, 2013, 8(6): 421-425

【19】Garnett E C, Cai W, Cha J J, Mahmood F, Connor S T, Greyson Christoforo M, Cui Y, McGehee M D, Brongersma M L. Selflimited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions. Nature Materials, 2012, 11(3): 241-249

【20】Hu L,Wu H, Cui Y. Metal nanogrids, nanowires, and nanofibers for transparent electrodes. MRS Bulletin, 2011, 36(10): 760-765

【21】Kang H, Jung S, Jeong S, Kim G, Lee K. Polymer-metal hybrid transparent electrodes for flexible electronics. Nature Communications, 2015, 6: 6503

【22】Lenk S, Schwab T, Schubert S, Müller-Meskamp L, Leo K, Gather M C, Reineke S. White organic light-emitting diodes with 4 nm metal electrode. Applied Physics Letters, 2015, 107(16): 163302

【23】Formica N, Ghosh D S, Carrilero A, Chen T L, Simpson R E, Pruneri V. Ultrastable and atomically smooth ultrathin silver films grown on a copper seed layer. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2013, 5(8): 3048-3053

【24】Schwab T, Schubert S, Hofmann S, Fr?bel M, Fuchs C, Thomschke M, Müller-Meskamp L, Leo K, Gather M C. Highly efficient color stable inverted white top-emitting OLEDs with ultra-thin wetting layer top electrodes. Advanced Optical Materials, 2013, 1(10): 707- 713

【25】Qian L, Zheng Y, Choudhury K R, Bera D, So F, Xue J, Holloway P H. Electroluminescence from light-emitting polymer/ZnO nanoparticle heterojunctions at sub-bandgap voltages. Nano Today, 2010, 5 (5): 384-389

【26】Schubert S, Meiss J, Müller-Meskamp L, Leo K. Improvement of transparent metal top electrodes for organic solar cells by introducing a high surface energy seed layer. Advanced Energy Materials, 2013, 3(4): 438-443

引用该论文

Tao YUAN,Zhonghuan CAO,Guoli TU. Indium tin oxide-free inverted polymer solar cells with ultrathin metal transparent electrodes[J]. Frontiers of Optoelectronics, 2017, 10(4): 402-408

Tao YUAN,Zhonghuan CAO,Guoli TU. Indium tin oxide-free inverted polymer solar cells with ultrathin metal transparent electrodes[J]. Frontiers of Optoelectronics, 2017, 10(4): 402-408

您的浏览器不支持PDF插件,请使用最新的(Chrome/Fire Fox等)浏览器.或者您还可以点击此处下载该论文PDF