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大气碘化学与含碘气溶胶形成机制的研究进展

Rresearch Process on Atmospheric Chemistry of Iodine and Formation of Iodine Oxide Particles

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摘要

含碘气溶胶对全球气候与环境变化有着深远的影响。已有的研究表明含碘气溶胶的形成和生长源于含碘前体物(碘及碘化物)的 氧化和后续聚合过程,含碘前体物的初步氧化会形成IO、OIO等具有高度反应活性的初级碘氧化物,进一步的氧化反应产生更 稳定的碘氧化物IxOy,再经过后续聚合反应形成碘氧粒子(iodine oxide particles, IOPs)。IOPs的形成机制决定了 含碘气溶胶的物化特性,最终决定了环境与气候效应。然而,现有的模型研究与大气观测结果之间,甚至是不同模型研究之间, 常常存在分歧,这些分歧又进而导致人们在评估含碘气溶胶对全球环境和气候变化影响效应上的不确定性。详细介绍了 近年来大气碘化学与含碘气溶胶形成机制的研究进展,并指出了亟待解决的问题和面临的挑战。

Abstract

Photolysis of iodine and iodine compound in the presence of O3 has been proposed as a mechanism leading to intense iodine oxide particles(IOPs) formation, which has a profound influence on global climate change and atmospheric environment. It is believed that the formation of IOPs is involved with the production and oxidation of a series of iodine oxides (IxOy). However, the details of IOPs formation are not yet resolved, and there are still important gaps between modeling and field research, or even between different modeling work, which hinders precise evaluation of IOPs’ impaction atmospheric processes, climate and human health. The main progress research on the formation of iodine oxide particles has been described and the major challenges have been discussed.

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中图分类号:X513

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-6141.2018.01.001

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:Supported by Joint Funds of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(国家自然科学基金委员会- 中国科学院大科学装置科学研究联合基金, U1532143,U1232209), National Natural Science Foundation of China(国家自然科学基金, 41575126,41363006)

收稿日期:2016-12-31

修改稿日期:2017-01-16

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韦娜娜:安徽大学物理与材料科学学院,安徽 合肥 230601中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
胡长进:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
周闪闪:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031中国科学技术大学研究生院,安徽 合肥 230026
马乔:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031中国科学技术大学研究生院,安徽 合肥 230026
盖艳波:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
林晓晓:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
顾学军:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
唐小锋:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
方波:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
赵卫雄:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031
张为俊:中国科学院安徽光学精密机械研究所大气物理化学研究室,安徽 合肥 230031中国科学技术大学环境科学与光电技术学院,安徽 合肥 230026
吴代赦:南昌大学资源环境与化工学院鄱阳湖环境与资源利用教育部重点实验室,江西 南昌 330031

联系人作者:韦娜娜(761379182@qq.com)

备注:韦娜娜 (1990-)女,安徽淮南人,研究生,主要从事气溶胶烟雾箱方面的研究。

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引用该论文

WEI Nana,HU Changjin,ZHOU Shanshan,Ma Qiao,GAI Yanbo,LIN Xiaoxiao,GU Xuejun,TANG Xiaofeng,Fang Bo,ZHAO Weixiong,ZHANG Weijun,WU Daishe. Rresearch Process on Atmospheric Chemistry of Iodine and Formation of Iodine Oxide Particles[J]. Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics, 2018, 13(1): 1-19

韦娜娜,胡长进,周闪闪,马乔,盖艳波,林晓晓,顾学军,唐小锋,方波,赵卫雄,张为俊,吴代赦. 大气碘化学与含碘气溶胶形成机制的研究进展[J]. 大气与环境光学学报, 2018, 13(1): 1-19

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