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高光谱遥感大气辐射校正技术的研究

Atmospheric Radiation Correction Technique for Hyperspectral Remote Sensing

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摘要

为满足高光谱遥感图像定量化解译的需求,针对现有大气校正方法面临的大气参数不同步问题,对基于大气参数空间同步获取的 大气辐射校正技术进行了研究。首先总结了利用卫星搭载专用大气辐射校正载荷,同步提供大气校正参数与地表反射特性的方法,从根本 上解决辐射传输模型中的大气参数难以同步获取的问题。其次结合国外在轨运行的高光谱遥感卫星的调研结果,在大气校正载 荷的设计—尤其是谱段选择和优化方面对载荷系统的方案特点和技术指标进行了归纳。并选取EO-1 Hyperion高光谱遥感图像 进行了大气校正,从校正前后图像的视觉效果、光谱特性、典型地物的分类识别效果三方面分析了大气校正对高光谱遥感定量 化应用性能的提升。最后对大气辐射校正技术的发展前景进行展望。

Abstract

In order to meet the quantitative application requirements of the hyperspectral remote sensing images, to solve the problem that the synchronous atmospheric parameters can not be achieved for the existed atmospheric correction methods, the atmospheric correctional technology based on the atmospheric parameter space synchronization acquisition was investigated. Firstly, the method of using remote sensing technology to apply synchronous parameters and the sampling of surface reflectance is summarized. Secondly, based on the research results of hyperspectral remote sensing satellite in orbit, the technical indexes and characteristics in the designation of atmospheric corrector especially about the wavebands studies are summarized. The atmospheric correction of hyperspectral images is accomplished from EO-1 Hyperion sensor, and the improvements of application performance are analyzed in the following aspects: imaging results, spectral characteristics, and classification effects of typical features. In the end, the development of atmospheric radiation correction technology is prospected.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:P79

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-6141.2018.01.008

所属栏目:光学遥感

基金项目:Supported by National Key R&D Plan(国家重点研发计划, 2016YFB0501300, 2016YFB0501301)

收稿日期:2016-10-26

修改稿日期:2017-10-30

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作者单位    点击查看

边福强:航天东方红卫星有限公司,北京 100094
范东栋:航天东方红卫星有限公司,北京 100094
傅丹膺:航天东方红卫星有限公司,北京 100094

联系人作者:边福强(bianfuqiang@buaa.edu.cn)

备注:边福强 (1991-),男,吉林通化人,硕士,主要从事空间遥感器总体设计、大气光学遥感探测等方面的研究。

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引用该论文

BIAN Fuqiang,FAN Dongdong,FU Danying. Atmospheric Radiation Correction Technique for Hyperspectral Remote Sensing[J]. Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics, 2018, 13(1): 65-73

边福强,范东栋,傅丹膺. 高光谱遥感大气辐射校正技术的研究[J]. 大气与环境光学学报, 2018, 13(1): 65-73

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