Effect of anti-crossings with cladding resonances on ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in gas-filled photonic crystal fibers
Spectral anti-crossings between the fundamental guided mode and core-wall resonances alter the dispersion in hollow-core anti-resonant-reflection photonic crystal fibers. Here we study the effect of this dispersion change on the nonlinear propagation and dynamics of ultrashort pulses. We find that it causes emission of narrow spectral peaks through a combination of four-wave mixing and dispersive wave emission. We further investigate the influence of the anti-crossings on nonlinear pulse propagation and show that their impact can be minimized by adjusting the core-wall thickness in such a way that the anti-crossings lie spectrally distant from the pump wavelength.
F. K?ttig：Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Staudtstrasse 2, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
D. Novoa：Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Staudtstrasse 2, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
R. Keding：Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Staudtstrasse 2, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
P. St.J. Russell：Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Staudtstrasse 2, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
【1】E. P. Ippen, “Low-power, quasi-cw Raman oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21 , 539–541 (1972).
【2】M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10??fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 , 2793–2795 (1996).
【3】L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 , 013601 (2001).
【4】I. Durfee, G. Charles, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 , 2187–2190 (1999).
【5】F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St.J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298 , 399–402 (2002).
【6】A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, A. F. Kosolapov, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of a waveguide regime for a silica hollow–core microstructured optical fiber with a negative curvature of the core boundary in the spectral region >3.5??μm,” Opt. Express 19 , 1441–1448 (2011).
【7】F. Yu, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Low loss silica hollow core fibers for 3–4??μm spectral region,” Opt. Express 20 , 11153–11158 (2012).
【8】P. Uebel, M. C. Günendi, M. H. Frosz, G. Ahmed, N. N. Edavalath, J. Ménard, and P. St.J. Russell, “Broadband robustly single-mode hollow-core PCF by resonant filtering of higher-order modes,” Opt. Lett. 41 , 1961–1964 (2016).
【9】F. Emaury, C. F. Dutin, C. J. Saraceno, M. Trant, O. H. Heckl, Y. Y. Wang, C. Schriber, F. Gerome, T. Südmeyer, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “Beam delivery and pulse compression to sub-50??fs of a modelocked thin-disk laser in a gas-filled Kagome-type HC-PCF fiber,” Opt. Express 21 , 4986–4994 (2013).
【10】M. Gebhardt, C. Gaida, S. H?drich, F. Stutzki, C. Jaregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Nonlinear compression of an ultrashort-pulse thulium-based fiber laser to sub-70??fs in Kagome photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 40 , 2770–2773 (2015).
【11】F. K?ttig, F. Tani, C. Martens Biersach, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Generation of microjoule pulses in the deep ultraviolet at megahertz repetition rates,” Optica 4 , 1272–1276 (2017).
【12】G. Fan, T. Balciunas, S. H?ssler, C. F. Dutin, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, F. Gérome, G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A compact single cycle driver for strong field applications based on a self-compression in a Kagome fiber,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper?SM1P.1.
【13】F. Tani, M. H. Frosz, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Continuously wavelength-tunable high harmonic generation via soliton dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 42 , 1768–1771 (2017).
【14】F. K?ttig, D. Novoa, F. Tani, M. C. Günendi, M. Cassataro, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Mid-infrared dispersive wave generation in gas-filled photonic crystal fibre by transient ionization-driven changes in dispersion,” Nat. Commun. 8 , 813 (2017).
【15】T. Balciunas, C. F. Dutin, T. Witting, A. A. Voronin, A. Zheltikov, F. Gérome, G. Paulus, A. Baltuska, and F. Benabid, “A strong-field driver in the single-cycle regime based on self-compression in a kagome fibre,” Nat. Commun. 6 , 6117 (2015).
【16】K. F. Mak, J. C. Travers, P. H?lzer, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Tunable vacuum-UV to visible ultrafast pulse source based on gas-filled Kagome-PCF,” Opt. Express 21 , 10942–10953 (2013).
【17】A. Ermolov, K. F. Mak, M. H. Frosz, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in the vacuum ultraviolet through dispersive-wave and soliton-plasma interaction in a noble-gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 92 , 033821 (2015).
【18】S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28 , 1448–1450 (2003).
【19】F. Belli, A. Abdolvand, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast four wave mixing to the deep UV in gas filled kagomé PCF,” in Europhoton (2016), paper?SS-1.5.
【20】F. Belli, A. Abdolvand, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Vacuum-ultraviolet to infrared supercontinuum in hydrogen-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Optica 2 , 292–300 (2015).
【21】E. A. J. Marcatili, and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43 , 1783–1809 (1964).
【22】J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St.J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28 , A11–A26 (2011).
【23】J. L. Archambault, R. J. Black, S. Lacroix, and J. Bures, “Loss calculations for antiresonant waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11 , 416–423 (1993).
【24】D. V. Skryabin, “Coupled core-surface solitons in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12 , 4841–4846 (2004).
【25】R. Sollapur, D. Kartashov, M. Zürch, A. Hoffmann, T. Grigorova, G. Sauer, A. Hartung, A. Schwuchow, J. Bierlich, J. Kobelke, M. Chemnitz, M. A. Schmidt, and C. Spielmann, “Resonance-enhanced multi-octave supercontinuum generation in hollow-core fibers,” Light Sci. Appl. 6 , e17124 (2017).
【26】C. Wei, R. J. Weiblen, C. R. Menyuk, and J. Hu, “Negative curvature fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 9 , 504–561 (2017).
【27】M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 , 223904 (2012).
【28】G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
【29】P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41 , 426–439 (1990).
【30】X. Liu, A. S. Svane, J. L?gsgaard, H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, and D. Turchinovich, “Progress in Cherenkov femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Phys. D 49 , 023001 (2016).
【31】F. Tani, J. C. Travers, and P. St.J. Russell, “Multimode ultrafast nonlinear optics in optical waveguides: numerical modeling and experiments in kagomé photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31 , 311–320 (2014).
【32】P. H?lzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, and P. St.J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 , 203901 (2011).
【33】M. Zeisberger, and M. Schmidt, “Analytic model for the complex effective index of the leaky modes of tube-type anti-resonant hollow core fibers,” Sci. Rep. 7 , 11761 (2017).
【34】F. Meng, S. Gao, Y. Wang, P. Wang, J. Liu, S. Wang, B. Liu, Y. Li, C. Wang, and M. Hu, “Efficient dispersive waves generation from argon-filled anti-resonant nodeless fiber,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper?STu3K.4.
F. Tani, F. K?ttig, D. Novoa, R. Keding, and P. St.J. Russell, "Effect of anti-crossings with cladding resonances on ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in gas-filled photonic crystal fibers," Photonics Research 6(2), 84-88 (2018)