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从Pleiades剖析新一代高性能小卫星技术发展

Analysis of new generation high-performance small satellite technology based on the Pleiades

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摘要

综述了著名的新一代极限性能高分辨小卫星Pleiades,说明了该卫星的技术特点,同时给出了其关键技术指标,并且有针对性地剖析了Pleiades在多星组网轨道设计、一体化超分辨焦平面设计、一体化综合电子学设计及敏捷姿态控制系统设计等方面所采用的先进技术和设计理念。在此基础上,提出了适应我国国情的小卫星新技术发展方向,包括CMOS TDI模式成像技术、高动态范围视频成像技术、基于可重构模块的柔性化集成技术、基于软件总线的星载软件设计技术以及星载一体化设计技术等,为今后我国研发具有更高的地面分辨率、在轨成像效率和成像质量的新一代高性能小卫星提供了新的思路。

Abstract

This paper reviewed the well-known limit performance of a new generation of high-resolution small satellite Pleiades. The technical characteristics of this satellite were described and its key technical indicators were also given. The advanced technology and design concepts of the Pleiades in the multi-satellite network orbit design, integration super-resolution focal plane design, integrated and comprehensive electronics design and agile attitude control system design were analyzed. On this basis, it also puts forward the development directions of new small satellite technologies to adapt to our national conditions, which included CMOS Time Delay Integration(CMOS TDI) mode imaging, high dynamic range video imaging, flexibility technology based on reconfiguable modules, on-board software design based on software bus, satellite integrated design, etc. All above could provide new ideas for us to research and develop new generation of high performance small satellites with higher ground resolution, higher in-orbit imaging efficiency and higher image quality in the future.

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中图分类号:V474.6

DOI:10.3788/co.20130601.0009

所属栏目:综述

基金项目:国家863高技术研究发展计划资助项目(No.2012AA121502)

收稿日期:2012-09-12

修改稿日期:2012-11-15

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作者单位    点击查看

徐伟:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033
朴永杰:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,吉林 长春 130033

联系人作者:徐伟(xwciomp@126.com)

备注:徐伟(1981-),男,黑龙江大庆人,博士,副研究员,2003年于吉林大学获得学士学位,2008年于中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所获得博士学位,主要从事星载一体化卫星技术及高可靠一体化航天电子学系统等方面的研究。

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引用该论文

XU Wei,PIAO Yong-jie. Analysis of new generation high-performance small satellite technology based on the Pleiades[J]. Chinese Optics, 2013, 6(1): 9-19

徐伟,朴永杰. 从Pleiades剖析新一代高性能小卫星技术发展[J]. 中国光学, 2013, 6(1): 9-19

被引情况

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【2】李贤涛,张葆,沈宏海. 基于自抗扰控制技术提高航空光电稳定平台的扰动隔离度. 光学 精密工程, 2014, 22(8): 2223-2231

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【5】梅贵,翟岩,苗健宇,浦前帅. 离轴多反射镜系统支撑结构的设计与装调. 光学 精密工程, 2015, 23(8): 2280-2287

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【7】梅贵,翟岩,苗健宇,浦前帅,余达,张博研. 星载离轴多光谱相机焦平面的装调与检测. 中国光学, 2016, 9(4): 491-500

【8】徐 伟,陈彦彤,朴永杰,王绍举. 基于吉林一号遥感图像的星载目标快速识别系统. 光学 精密工程, 2017, 25(1): 255-262

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【10】刘 锋,李 琳. 光学遥感卫星信息获取能力指数的评估. 光学 精密工程, 2017, 25(9): 2454-2460

【11】吴 俊,李 娜,许云飞,高凌雁,姜宏佳,程少园,孙世君. 超敏捷卫星动中成像模式下成像质量研究. 光学与光电技术, 2018, 16(5): 83-89

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