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金属零件激光选区熔化技术的现状及进展

Current Status and Progress on Technology of Selective Laser Melting of Metal Parts

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摘要

激光选区熔化(SLM)是利用高能量激光束将设计好的二维截面上的金属合金粉末熔化, 由下而上逐层打印实体零件的一种金属增材制造(AM)技术,具有尺寸精度高、表面质量好、致密度高和材料浪费少的优势, 已经成为AM技术在金属零件成型领域中的重要技术之一。阐述了SLM技术的原理和研究现状, 总结了其在航空航天、医学、汽车、模具等方面的应用现状, 并展望了其未来的发展趋势。

Abstract

The selective laser melting (SLM) is a metal additive manufacturing (AM) technique in which a high-energy laser beam is used to melt the metal alloy powder on the designed two-dimensional cross-sections and solid parts are printed layer by layer from bottom to top. It has the advantages of high dimensional accuracy, good surface quality, high density and little material waste, and has been developed into one of the key AM technologies in the metal part forming field. The principle and research status of the SLM technology are introduced, and its applications in aerospace, medicine, automobile, mold and other aspects are summarized. In addition, its future development trend is prospected.

Newport宣传-MKS新实验室计划
补充资料

中图分类号:TN249

DOI:10.3788/lop55.011401

所属栏目:“激光增材制造技术”专题

基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51705160)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2017BQ072)、广东省科技计划项目(2014A080802002, 2017A030313271)、广州市重大专项(201704020118)

收稿日期:2017-07-27

修改稿日期:2017-09-15

网络出版日期:--

作者单位    点击查看

杨永强:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
陈杰:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
宋长辉:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
王迪:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640
白玉超:华南理工大学机械与汽车工程学院, 广东 广州 510640

联系人作者:杨永强(meyqyang@scut.edu.cn)

备注:杨永强(1961-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事激光材料加工和快速成型制造方面的研究。E-mail: meyqyang@scut.edu.cn

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引用该论文

Yang Yongqiang,Chen Jie,Song Changhui,Wang Di,Bai Yuchao. Current Status and Progress on Technology of Selective Laser Melting of Metal Parts[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, 2018, 55(1): 011401

杨永强,陈杰,宋长辉,王迪,白玉超. 金属零件激光选区熔化技术的现状及进展[J]. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(1): 011401

被引情况

【1】葛亚楠,武美萍,冒浴沂,韩基泰. 激光选区熔化扫描策略对钛合金成形精度的影响. 激光与光电子学进展, 2018, 55(9): 91403--1

【2】张晓雅,李现兵,谈震,曾勇,田丽纷,周正,周振鲁,贺定勇. 激光选区熔化水雾化Cu-10Sn合金粉末成形件的微观组织结构及力学性能研究. 中国激光, 2018, 45(10): 1002009--1

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