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光学元件狭缝柔性调节机构的设计与分析

Design and analysis of adjustment mechanism with slit diaphragm flexures for optical elements

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摘要

设计了一种狭缝柔性结构的光学元件调节机构, 使光学元件在具备较高调节精度的同时, 保持较高的导向精度。采用弹性力学应力函数法分析了狭缝柔性结构的刚度, 以径向刚度与轴向刚度的比值为目标函数, 对狭缝柔性结构尺寸参数进行了优化, 在不超过柔性结构材料屈服应力等约束条件下, 刚度比最优值达到1 5736, 较大的刚度比值可以减小调节机构的耦合位移, 从而提高机构的导向精度。该结构加工装配方便, 可实现三自由度(θx-θy-Z)调节。对优化后的柔性结构进行仿真分析, 结果表明: 径向刚度与轴向刚度比值的仿真值为1 6604, 解析值与仿真值误差为523%, 证明了刚度分析方法的有效性。优化后的结构, 轴向调节行程为209 mm, 绕x轴偏转角度调节行程为±166 mrad, 绕y轴偏转角度调节行程可达到±144 mrad, 满足光学元件调节的大行程要求。

Abstract

An adjustment mechanism with slit diaphragm flexures is designed to keep the optical elements with higher guide precision while maintaining higher accuracy of adjustment. The stiffness of the slit diaphragm flexures structure is analyzed using the elastic mechanics stress function method. The ratio of the radial stiffness to the axial rigidity is taken as the objective function to optimize the dimension parameters of the slit diaphragm flexures structure. Under the condition of not exceeding the yield stress of the flexible structure material, the optimal value of the stiffness ratio reaches 1 5736. A larger stiffness ratio can reduce the coupling displacement of the adjustment mechanism, so as to improve the guide accuracy of the mechanism. This mechanism is easily fabricated and assembled, and allows adjustment of three degree of freedom (θx-θy-Z). The stiffness of the slit diaphragm flexure is simulated and analyzed. The results show that the ratio of radial stiffness to axial stiffness is 1 6604, and the error between analytical value and simulation value is 523%, which proves the validity of the stiffness analysis method. The optimized structure has an axial adjustment stroke of 209 mm, an adjustment stroke of ±166 mrad about the x-axis deflection angle and a ±144 mrad deflection angle about the y-axis, which satisfies the large stroke adjustment requirement of the optical element.

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中图分类号:TH701;TH703

DOI:10.3788/co.20171006.0790

所属栏目:光学仪器与测试

基金项目:国家科技重大专项(02专项)资助项目(No. 2009ZX02205); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.61504142)

收稿日期:2017-06-11

修改稿日期:2017-08-13

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作者单位    点击查看

董世则:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 应用光学国家重点实验室 超精密光学工程研究中心, 吉林 长春 130033中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
郭 抗:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 应用光学国家重点实验室 超精密光学工程研究中心, 吉林 长春 130033
李显凌:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 应用光学国家重点实验室 超精密光学工程研究中心, 吉林 长春 130033
陈华男:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 应用光学国家重点实验室 超精密光学工程研究中心, 吉林 长春 130033
张德福:中国科学院 长春光学精密机械与物理研究所 应用光学国家重点实验室 超精密光学工程研究中心, 吉林 长春 130033

联系人作者:董世则(dongshize14@mails.ucas.ac.cn)

备注:董世则(1991—), 男, 河南濮阳人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事光学精密仪器结构设计及微位移方面的研究。

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引用该论文

DONG Shi-ze,GUO Kang,LI Xian-ling,CHEN Hua-nan,ZHANG De-fu. Design and analysis of adjustment mechanism with slit diaphragm flexures for optical elements[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(6): 790-797

董世则,郭 抗,李显凌,陈华男,张德福. 光学元件狭缝柔性调节机构的设计与分析[J]. 中国光学, 2017, 10(6): 790-797

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